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Marengo County Genealogy

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Marengo County Alabama History and Profile:

Marengo County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. It is named in honor of a battlefield near Turin, Italy, where the French defeated the Austrians on June 14, 1800. As of 2000 the population was 22,539. The county seat is Linden.

Marengo County was created by the Alabama Territorial legislature on February 6, 1818, from land acquired from the Choctaw Indians by treaty on October 24, 1816. The name of the county commemorates Napoleon’s victory at the Battle of Marengo over the Austrian armies on June 14, 1800. This name was chosen as a compliment to the first Caucasian settlers, exiled French Bonapartists who in 1817 settled the area around Demopolis in an effort to establish a Vine and Olive Colony. The county seat was originally known as the Town of Marengo, but in 1823 the name was changed to Linden. Linden is a shortened version of Hohenlinden, scene of another Napoleonic victory in Bavaria in 1800.

Situated in Alabama’s Black Belt and having a naturally rich soil, the county became home to numerous cotton plantations and consequently a large number of slaves. In 1860 the population consisted of 24,409 slaves, 6761 free whites including 944 slave owners, and just 1 “free person of color” for a total combined population of 31,171. At this time there were 778 farms in the county. After the American Civil War, the economy continued to be based on agriculture with the former plantations turning to sharecropping.

The population began to diminish rapidly after World War II, with people leaving the farms for manufacturing jobs elsewhere. The former cotton fields were gradually converted to pastures for cattle and horses, woodlands for timber, and commercial catfish ponds for grain fed catfish. Beginning in the 1960s industry began to move into the area and the working force came to be employed by paper mills, lumber mills, and chemical plants. Courthouse fires occurred in 1848 and 1965, the courthouse records were largely saved in both instances.


* Candlelight Evening at Gaineswood, part of Christmas in the Canebrake, in Demopolis
* Christmas on the River in Demopolis
* Faunsdale Biker Rally in Faunsdale
* Alabama Crawfish Festival in Faunsdale
* Harvest Festival in Demopolis
* Historic Demopolis Spring Pilgrimage in Demopolis
* Rural Fun Day in Thomaston
* Southern Literary Trail in Demopolis

Marengo County is home to the Alabama Rural Heritage Center and Chickasaw State Park. The Tombigbee River and Black Warrior River form portions of the western and northern county borders and provide recreational opportunities. Marengo County has twenty-eight sites on the National Register of Historic Places, one of which is also a National Historic Landmark.

Source: Wikipedia.

Cities and Towns of Marengo County, Alabama:

* Demopolis
* Linden


* Dayton
* Faunsdale
* Myrtlewood
* Providence
* Sweet Water
* Thomaston

Unincorporated communities

* Aimwell
* Alfalfa
* Clayhill
* Consul
* Coxheath
* Dixons Mills
* Exmoor
* Half Acre
* Half Chance
* Hampden
* Hoboken
* Hugo
* Jefferson
* Lasca
* McKinley
* Magnolia
* Marengo
* Moores Valley
* Moscow
* Nanafalia
* Nicholsville
* Octagon
* Old Spring Hill
* Pin Hook
* Putnam
* Rembert
* Salt Well
* Shiloh
* Siddonsville
* Surginer
* Vangale
* Vineland
* Wayne


Marengo County Government

Demopolis Public Library
211 East Washington Street
Demopolis, AL 36732

Marengo County Public Library
507 N. Main Street
Linden, AL 36748

Marengo Library System
211 East Washington Street
Demopolis, AL 36732

Marengo County Historic Places

Allen Grove
Ashe Cottage
Bluff Hall
Cedar Crest
Cedar Grove Plantation
Cedar Haven
Confederate Park
Cuba Plantation
Curtis House
Demopolis Historic Business District
Demopolis Public School
Patrick Farrish House
Faunsdale Plantation
Foscue-Whitfield House
Glover Mausoleum
C. S. Golden House
Half-Chance Bridge
Jefferson Historic District
Lyon-Lamar House
Old Courthouse
William Poole House
Roseland Plantation
Thomaston Central Historic District
Thomaston Colored Institute
U.S. Post Office
White Bluff

Marengo County Genealogy Resources

Marengo County Alabama USGenWeb Project Site

Black Belt African American Genealogical & Historical Society
Covering the Counties of Alabama’s Black Belt Region–Bullock, Choctaw, Dallas, Greene, Hale, Lowndes, Macon, Marengo, Perry, Pickens, Sumter and Wilcox

Marengo County, Alabama USGenWeb archives

Marengo County Genealogy page at KindredTrails

Vital Records

If you are outside the state of Alabama and are looking to request copies of vital records you must contact the statewide office of vital records:

Alabama Vital Records
P.O. Box 5625
Montgomery, AL 36103-5625
(334) 206-5418
Fax: (334) 262-9563

You can also call (334) 206-5418

There were no birth certificates prior to 1908, some counties may have recorded births in a ledger however. One way to search this centrally is by contacting:

Department of Archives and History
624 Washington Ave
Montgomery, AL 36130
(334) 242-4363

Birth and Death Records have been recorded in Alabama since 1908, Marriage Records since August 1936 and Divorces since 1950.


1850 Federal Census Index and Transcription

Tax Records


USGS listing of Cemeteries in Marengo County

Marengo County Cemetery Transcriptions
Cemetery Transcriptions (Although both are usgenweb this seems a slightly different listing.)

Query Forums

Genealogy Forums can be a great way to find other people that are researching the same ancestors as you are. Even if they may be not be researching the same direct line but related lines you may find information that is useful in your own research. Make sure to verify any other research that you add to your own research and try to document it well. If asking questions in genealogy forums it is good to provide as much information as possible and in the subject of the posting try to give name and a date or range of dates to help make your query more likely to be found. Posts with titles like “looking for family” or “help!” are too generic and something along the lines of “John Smith b. abt 1828 md. Hannah Jones” would be more helpful to get your post read by those that are interested in the John Smith/Hannah Jones family.

Marengo County, AL at

News Related to Marengo County, AL

“Marengo County” al – Google News

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Bentley declares State of Emergency in advance of winter weather – Demopolis Times

Demopolis Times
Bentley declares State of Emergency in advance of winter weather
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Gov. Robert Bentley has declared a State of Emergency for Alabama in preparation for winter weather that is expected to move through the state, but Demopolis and Marengo County are not expected to receive any of the weather. The latest forecast from

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Marengo County Gets Computer Grant – WTOK

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Entrepreneurs take part in ‘Delta Challenge’ – Demopolis Times

Demopolis Times
Entrepreneurs take part in 'Delta Challenge'
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Marengo Probate Judge Hall will not sign marriage licenses – Demopolis Times
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Demopolis Times
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Grand opening held at Business Development Center – Demopolis Times

Demopolis Times
Grand opening held at Business Development Center
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During the event, the Marengo County Commission, the Marengo County Economic Development Authority and the Marengo County Cooperative Extension Office dedicated the building to former guardsmen who served in Linden. When operational, the building was

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Popularity: 40% [?]

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Popularity: 40% [?]

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